The appearance of hemorrhoids during pregnancy and after childbirth is very common – one in five women suffer from hemorrhoids pregnancy or after birth. What are hemorrhoids, why they occur, how can we prevent and how to treat? We have gathered important information for you to know.

What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum causes pain, burning, itching, tingling, swelling and bleeding. Among the reasons for swelling veins: intra-abdominal pressure, strain on exit, improper diet, pregnancy and childbirth, sitting for a long time, and more.
There are internal hemorrhoids, which are swollen veins located inside the rectum, which can also browse outside the anus (called prolapsed hemorrhoids condition), and external hemorrhoids, which are bulging veins in the anal opening. It is important to remember that pushing the hemorrhoids back inside by hand!

What are the symptoms?
There are 4 degrees of severity of hemorrhoids. The main symptoms are:
– Pain
– Itching or discomfort in the anal area
– The appearance of bleeding on the toilet paper or the toilet when you exit
– Difficulty and pain at the meeting
– Mucus
– There may be felt protrusion outside the anus after a hard exit

What are the reasons for the emergence of hemorrhoids pregnancy and after birth?
– An increase in weight and size of the uterus, is weighing heavily on the lower body veins and blood flow is causing the problem, and swelling of the veins.
– An increase in blood volume and the level of progesterone weakens the muscles, including the muscles of the anus.
– Constipation pregnancy increase the risk of hemorrhoids.
– Appearance of hemorrhoids after birth is the result of pressure exerted on the pelvic floor, causing swelling veins.
– You should know that stress can affect intra-abdominal pressure and encourage the appearance of hemorrhoids.

How can I prevent the appearance of hemorrhoids?
– Diet contains more fiber such as fruits (except banana) and green leafy vegetables, whole grains, whole wheat bread and more, which will make it easier for the exits.
– Drinking (at least a liter and a half of water a day), which makes it easier for ports and prevents constipation and hemorrhoids.
– Hygiene in the anal area.
– Departure time breathing exercises and exercises to activate the pelvic floor muscles as Kegel exercises.
– Exercise – which encourages blood flow in the body, including the anal area.
– Avoid exertion services – Avoid prolonged stress, which can encourage the emergence of hemorrhoids. Relax and do not push too hard, even if it takes you longer.
– Refraining from a restrained.
– Avoid sitting or standing for hours. If you sit a lot during the day, do occasionally breaks and go a little.
– Reducing the load on the veins in the anus through lying on your side.

Treatment of hemorrhoids and pain relief
Contacting a proctologist: Remember bleeding during port can testify to the problem other than hemorrhoids, so you should make a professional diagnosis. In some cases where home care is not enough, proctology recommend other treatments such as binding of hemorrhoids, burning and more. In severe cases may be decided on surgery.

Wipes: It is recommended to use wipes without alcohol and without perfume, and avoid using toilet paper that is gentle enough for sensitive skin. You can buy special hemorrhoid wipes that contain herbal extracts designed to soothe and shrink hemorrhoids.

Hygiene: It is recommended to wash the area after visiting the toilet.

A diet rich in fiber and drinking plenty of water: Eat foods rich in fiber soften the stool. Leafy green vegetables and fruits with skin like plums, apples, oranges, etc. (Avoid banana because it causes constipation), legumes and whole grains, olive oil and toasted bran as a food additive. Recommended Soak prunes in warm water overnight, and the next day to drink the water. Also, there are other additives such as Normlks and Bnhfiibr containing fiber. Be sure to drink plenty of liquids makes it easy to port.

Avoiding foods that discourages the act of digestion: alcohol (which generally should avoid pregnancy), spicy and fried foods, coffee, snacks, fast food and more. It is also recommended to avoid white flour.

Lotions or candles: the treatment of hemorrhoids are pregnant, you should consult a doctor before using creams or candles. There are external hemorrhoids creams, candles and internal hemorrhoids. Preferred preparations without steroids. Also, you can use local Bmalhsim gel or cream. There are creams available on prescription, in some cases.

Compresses pads soaked in a solution of magnesium: Another way that can make it easier. Gauze dipped in a solution of magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts), cooling the refrigerator and place on my hemorrhoids (can be purchased in pharmacies solution or powder and prepared at home).

Sitting baths: Sitting in a warm bath several times a day can relieve pain and soften the hemorrhoids (Some recommend actually stays cool water, so it is recommended to consult a proctologist). It is important to keep in mind: first-trimester does not sit in a warm bath.

Sitting on a special cushion hemorrhoid / s wheel (not after birth): Sitting on the wheel or on a special cushion with a hole in the middle prevents pressure on hemorrhoids. Not to be used after delivery, so as not to stretch the seams and damage the intimate area if there are tears.

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